Raphael Sadeler, Dutch Engraver (1561-1632)
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- Sadeler (niderl. Sadeler) - a family of Dutch engravers on copper. Its main members: Ian Sadeler (1550-1600 or 1610) first worked in the studio of his father, the Brussels-cutter ornaments on steel and iron items of weapons, and decided to devote himself to art engraving only once did in Amsterdam a few engravings in Krispeyna. -Dr. Brooke. After settling in Munich, S. soon joined the Bavarian duke and began to work hard. Going to Italy in 1595, he lived and worked first in Rome and then to Venice, where, in all likelihood, he died. Ian S. nagravirovano lot of portraits, historical scenes and landscapes. Those of these works, which are performed in Italy are different from his earlier works more free and graceful reception cutter. The most important among his prints, "The Last Judgement" with Schwartz, "God the son, sitting at the right hand of the Father" with Viani, "Cabin Fever" by M. Vos, "The Flood" and "The Last Judgement" with Bernard.
- Sadeler Raphael (1561-1632), a brother and a disciple, accompanied him on his journeys from the Netherlands to Germany and Italy and worked with him. Engraved with a lot of German artists Johann Aachen, M. Grunewald, M. Kagera, etc.
- Gilles (Giles) Sadeler (1575-1626), nephew and disciple of the two previous ones, was soon surpassed them in the execution of freedom, beauty and a dash of artistry in general. Together with uncles visited Germany and Italy, and in the second of these countries made a significant number of prints and drawings with their own compositions with various contemporary artists. Emperor Rudolf II in Prague called him and assigned him a salary, the successors of the sovereign, Matthew and Ferdinand II, also favored C. He was especially adept in portraits and landscapes, varying according to the plot of his technique: that acting cutter strongly and boldly, the caring on the fineness and softness of strokes. For this fickle behavior earned him the nickname Phoenix. Especially he masterfully reproduced thick mass of foliage, but the figure he was not working properly, and the transfer was not different lighting loyalty and strength.